The mission of the Open Policy Network is to foster the creation, adoption and implementation of open policies and practices that advance the public good by supporting open policy advocates, organizations and policy makers, connecting open policy opportunities with assistance, and sharing open policy information.
In 2011-2012, Creative Commons (CC) and other open organizations were contacted by multiple institutions and governments seeking assistance to develop materials and strategies for open policies. The need for open policy support was amplified at the CC 2011 Global Summit in Warsaw, Poland. CC Affiliates from 35 countries called for a central hub where open policies could be shared and discussed. They were clear: without clearly defined support, open policies are significantly less likely to be introduced and adopted. In October 2012 Creative Commons continued this exploration by convening a meeting of “open” leaders to brainstorm possibilities and challenges in developing resources and services to increase open policies.
As open advocates, organizations and policy makers recognize the potential for open policies to significantly increase the amount and quality of publicly funded education, research, data, and software, there is a pressing need to provide them support so they can successfully create, adopt and implement open policies. Open policies promote open licensing of resources financed through public funding in order to maximize the impact of the investment.
Open Policy = publicly funded resources are openly licensed resources.
If we are going to unleash the power of hundreds of billions of dollars of publicly funded education, research, data, and software, we need broad adoption of open policies. For the purposes of open policies that contribute to the public good, we define policy broadly as legislation, institutional policies, and/or funder mandates.
We have observed that current open policy efforts are decentralized, uncoordinated and insular; there is poor and/or sporadic information sharing. There are at least two major barriers that have prevented broad open policy adoption. (1) There is limited support for open policy advocates, organizations and policy makers who want to create, adopt and implement open policies. (2) Existing policy makers need help in articulating and messaging how open policies can increase the impact of public investments.
The open community needs access to existing open policies, legislation, and action plans for how open policies were created, discussed and passed. Advocates need to know what barriers were encountered and how they were overcome, and because politics and opportunities are local, open advocates may need support customizing an open policy solution and strategy. If we get this simple idea right, we can create a more efficient and sustainable system for publicly funded educational resources, scholarly research, data, and software.
Open policies promote access to, and open licensing of, resources financed through public funding. Open policies can maximize the impact of public investments in science, data, education, libraries, archives, museums, software and other resources through the efficient use and reuse of resources for the public good. The Open Policy Network (OPN) supports the creation, adoption and implementation of open policies around the world. It does this by:
- mapping the open policy space across open sectors;
- identifying open policy gaps and opportunities within and across sectors;
- communicating the social and economic value of open policy;
- networking together those trying to develop open policies with organizations, communities and individuals who have open policy expertise; and
- curating case studies and open policy exemplars for others to use or adapt.
In addition to supporting the creation, adoption and implementation of open policies, it is equally as important to support the updating of existing policy frameworks, so open policies can be effective and long-lasting. Existing policies need to be reviewed and modified as needed to support the implementation of open policies. For example, an open policy that leads to the creation of new open textbooks is less impactful if textbook procurement policies do not allow schools to adopt open textbooks.
Open policy advocates need to present a coordinated case to policymakers that 21st century legal and technical tools can be used to significantly improve the effectiveness of investments in publicly funded resources. The global reach and increasing speed and bandwidth of the Internet; the decreasing cost of hardware and near zero costs of digital storage, copying and distribution; open licensing, and the popularity of mobile devices is making accessibility to digital content universally possible. When policy makers understand the power of open policies, they can avoid the lock-in of stale frameworks and existing financial models, so they can maximize the positive societal impact of publicly funded resources.
- The adoption of open policies can maximize the return on public investments and promote a global commons of resources for innovative reuse.
- Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
- Open policies should require, as a default, licenses compliant with the Open Definition, with a preference for open licenses that at most require attribution to the author (such as CC BY) for publicly funded content and no rights reserved (such as CC0) for publicly funded data. OPN recognizes there may be limited exceptions to the default.
- The OPN is a open network free for anyone to join as long as they agree to contribute and abide by the mission and guiding principles. The OPN work is aligned with the recommendations of:
- Australian Digital Alliance
- Centrum Cyfrowe
- CLACSO-Latin American Council of Social Sciences
- Commonwealth of Learning
- Creative Commons
- Creative Commons United States
- EIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries)
- Foundation for Excellence in Education
- Free Knowledge Advocacy Group EU
- Fundación Karisma
- Harvard Open Access Project (HOAP)
- Lumen Learning
- National Copyright Unit, Australia
- New America
- New Media Consortium
- New Media Rights
- OER Africa
- OER Foundation
- Open Access Button
- Open Coalition
- Open Education Consortium
- Open Knowledge
- Open Textbook Library, University of Minnesota
- Open University of Tanzania
- Reme Melero, Consejo Superior de investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC) Spanish National Research Council
- Renata Aquino
- Saylor Academy
- Textbook Equity
- UNESCO Knowledge Societies Division
- U.S. Student PIRGs
- Wide World Ed
- Wiki Strategies
- Read and agree to the Guiding Principles and Work Plan;
- Sign up for and participate in the OPN email listserv and share information related to open policies as appropriate;
- Attend monthly strategy / planning conference calls; and
- Send an email to email@example.com with your organization’s name to be added to the Membership list.
The Open Policy Network (OPN) is a coalition of individuals, organizations, and other entities who have mutually agreed to the OPN Participation Agreement. The mission of the Open Policy Network is to foster the creation, adoption and implementation of open policies and practices that advance the public good by supporting open policy advocates, organizations and policy makers, connecting open policy opportunities with assistance, and sharing open policy information. OPN’s Activities will be conducted in accordance with the Work Plan.
The OPN is a collaboration and set of coordination actions of its members and not a formal legal entity in any jurisdiction.
Membership in OPN is open to any individual, organization, company, or other entity. One becomes an OPN Member by agreeing to the OPN Participation Agreement. Membership is optional and at will, and OPN Members may end their membership at any time. An OPN Member is considered active if it either attends an OPN monthly call or contacts the Chair of the Steering Committee in writing at least once per calendar year. Members who do not meet this criteria will be considered inactive as of January 1 of the following year, but may reactivate at any time. Inactive members will be marked as such on any membership lists, including the OPN website.
General discussions take place on the OPN Google group mailing list. Anyone may join this list.
OPN conference calls will take place monthly and are open to all OPN members and invited guests. By default, the calls will be scheduled for the first Monday of every month. Agenda and call-in information will usually be circulated the week before the call. Any OPN member may suggest additions to the call agenda. Minutes from the call will be recorded and distributed to the membership via the email list (see OPN meetings and minutes).
OPN Members may publish relevant blog posts to the OPN website. In order to do so, they need to request a WordPress login and must ask at least one other OPN Member to review the post before publishing on the website.
OPN Members who are organizations, companies, or other incorporated entities are considered Voting Members. OPN Members who are individual persons are not Voting Members.
All votes take place during OPN’s monthly call. Voting Members may cast their votes either by sending a representative to the monthly call or by registering their vote in advance by e-mail with the Chair of the Steering Committee. Each Voting Member has one vote, and measures pass by a simple majority (more yes votes than no votes).
Measures that require a vote by the OPN membership include:
- changes to the OPN Participation Agreement, Guiding Principles, or OPN Governance Document;
- other substantial changes to OPN’s structures or activities, as determined by the Steering Committee; and
- changes to OPN’s operations, including transferring property from the management of one member to another and winding down OPN activities.
Elections to the steering committee are handled separately from regular voting.
The OPN Steering Committee is comprised of seven (7) people elected by OPN members. Steering Committee members serve a term of two (2) years, and may serve an unlimited number of terms. Outgoing Steering Committee members’ terms expire on the date new Steering Committee members are elected to fill their seats.
The first Steering Committee election (2014) will elect four (4) candidates to two (2) year terms, and three (3) candidates to one (1) year terms. The Steering Committee Chair and the three (3) other candidates who receive the largest amount of votes will serve two (2) year terms, the remaining three (3) candidates will serve one (1) year terms.
The Steering Committee’s responsibilities include:
- Provide oversight for OPN activities, programs and services
- Prioritize OPN activities
- Oversee and assist with fundraising
- Set the agenda for monthly calls in conjunction with OPN members
- Respond to questions or concerns raised by OPN members
- Ensure that all votes and elections are conducted in a fair, transparent, and timely manner
- Approve new projects under the OPN name, in consultation with the OPN membership
- Review the OPN Governance Document every six months and proposing changes, if any, to the OPN membership for a vote
Following each Steering Committee election, the new members will elect a Chair from amongst themselves, who will be responsible for leading the Steering Committee to fulfill its responsibilities.
Steering Committee members are expected to be present at all OPN monthly calls and other Steering Committee meetings. If a Steering Committee member resigns or is unable to fulfill his or her responsibilities, the other members of the Steering Committee may hold a special election, or leave the seat vacant until the next election.
Any votes taken by the Steering Committee will pass by a simple majority (more yes votes than no votes) of members who are either present to cast their vote or who register their vote by email in advance with the Chair of the Steering Committee. Votes may only be taken if a quorum of four members is met (including votes registered in advance).
The Steering Committee will meet at least quarterly. Steering Committee meetings will be open to observation by OPN members, and minutes will be distributed to the OPN membership following each meeting.
Steering Committee Elections
The OPN will hold an election annually to fill the expiring seats on the Steering Committee. The Steering Committee will appoint an impartial entity to oversee the nomination and voting process.
OPN Members may nominate any person who is either an individual OPN Member or part of an organization that is an OPN member as a candidate for the Steering Committee. OPN Members may nominate multiple candidates, and may nominate themselves.
All candidates who accept their nomination are placed on the ballot. Each Voting OPN Member (as defined in the Voting section) has a total of seven (7) votes to allocate in part or in whole among the candidates on the ballot. The seven candidates who receive the largest total number of votes are elected to the Steering Committee. In the event of a tie, the outgoing Steering Committee will cast the tiebreaking vote.
OPN Members may act as representatives of the OPN in conferences, meetings or groups with the approval of the Steering Committee. When an OPN Member acts as a representative of the OPN, that member should announce the project and its relevance to the OPN email list and provide regular updates.
OPN will only represent the views of its members with their expressed consent. OPN may speak on behalf of the full membership regarding the general ideas outlined in the Guiding Principles, since all members agree to them upon joining. For anything more specific, such as taking a position on a particular policy, OPN will ask for members to “opt-in” and speak only on behalf of those who do.
The day-to-day operations will be managed by one or more members on a voluntary basis. The OPN website and listserv hosting is currently managed by Creative Commons.
Nicole Allen (Chair)
Nicole Allen is the Director of Open Education for the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), an alliance of academic and research libraries working for a more open system of scholarly communication. Nicole leads SPARC’s work on open educational resources, focusing on public policy and engaging and supporting the library community on this issue. She is an experienced advocate and grassroots organizer, and is actively engaged in advancing open policy in the U.S. and increasingly abroad. Prior to joining SPARC, Nicole worked at the U.S. Student Public Interest Research Groups leading a national student campaign to reduce the cost of textbooks.
Carolina Botero is the coordinator of the DIS Group (stands for Law, Internet and Society in Spanish) at Karisma Foundation in Bogota. This is a Colombian non profit that supports and promotes the use of ICT in the digital world in social processes and public policies in the Colombian and Latin American region from a perspective of Human Rights protection. Even if her work is in the general scope of open she has a special interest on education. Carolina has been an OER advocate for more than 10 years working internationally and regionally as part of the Creative Commons affiliate network and from Colombia through Karisma in local OER projects including research, capacity building and advocacy. @carobotero
David Carroll is co-founder and co-lead of the Open Access Button. The Open Access Button is a browser bookmarklet that lets users search for alternative access to research articles and report when they are denied access to research. As co-lead he is responsible for co-ordinating a global, diverse team in preparation for the launch of a new tool later this year. He is a medical student at Queen’s University Belfast, currently studying at the University of Copenhagen. Prior to the Open Access Button, he was part of successful campaigns reforming pharmaceutical policy in the UK. When he’s not thinking about openness, his interests are global health, digital civil liberties and evidence-based healthcare. He can be found on Twitter at @davidecarroll.
Bekka Kahn has spent several years working in open education, open access and cultural heritage projects. Bekka currently works on community building for the Peer 2 Peer University, an online open education project which builds alternative pathways to learning online. She also co-ordinates activity for the Open Coalition, an affiliation of open organisations working to develop best practices across the open sector. When she’s not opening things, Bekka is completing a Phd in Digital Humanities at Kings College, London.
Jenni Hayman is an open education consultant and digital learning experience designer. She is also a learning scientist, and education activist.. She allocates her time and talents to increasing global access to basic education. Currently researching and developing open education frameworks and policy templates that empower early childhood, K-12 and community-based adult literacy providers in Canada. Jenni is the Executive Director of Wide World Ed, a community of practice dedicated to exceptional learning experiences and sustainability in public education. In her practice, she combines 30+ years of experience in marketing, fundraising, and entrepreneurship, with a passion for open and distance learning excellence.
Alek Tarkowski is the director of Centrum Cyfrowe, a Polish NGO working on social change in the use of digital technologies, with a particular focus on open policy. He is Public Lead of Creative Commons Poland, a European Policy Fellow with Creative Commons, and Vice-Chair of the Polish Coalition for Open Education. His work focuses on open policy work across all fields, with a particular interest in a general policy of openness for publicly funded resources. He has been involved in the planning and implementation of open policies in Poland, including the open e-textbooks program and the proposal for a bill on open public resources. He holds a PhD degree in sociology from the Polish Academy of Science.
Timothy Vollmer is Public Policy Manager at Creative Commons. He coordinates public policy positions in collaboration with CC staff, international affiliate network, and a broad community of copyright experts. Timothy helps educate policymakers at all levels and across various disciplines such as education, data, science, culture, and government about copyright licensing, the public domain, and the adoption of open policies. Prior to CC, Timothy worked on information policy issues for the American Library Association in Washington, D.C. He is a graduate of the University of Michigan School of Information, and helped establish the Open.Michigan initiative.
Museum icon from the Noun Project / public domain